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    首页 | 新闻广场 | 中国军方押宝在了厉害的武器上!

    中国军方押宝在了厉害的武器上!

     

     
        美国感叹:中国军方押宝在了厉害的武器上! 2012-08-02 
    
    中国押宝在了一件武器上:导弹。正因如此,华盛顿计划中的移动反导系统升级把北京吓坏了。北京的
    军事首领认为他们需要升级现存的各型导弹,否则将冒失去对美国海空军阻吓能力的风险。尚不清楚美
    军的决策者如何看待这个问题。
    The PLA “will have to modernize its nuclear arsenal” because American missile 
    interceptors “may reduce the credibility of its nuclear deterrence,” Maj. Gen. Zhu 
    Chenghu of China’s National Defense University told a panel in Beijing on Wednesday. 
    Chenghu elaborated to a Reuters reporter that the U.S. interceptor system “undermines the 
    strategic stability.” He was referring to the United States’ planned anti-ballistic 
    missile system, which is slim at the moment, but by 2020 is supposed to shield Europe from 
    short, mid-range and eventually intercontinental missile attacks.
    PLA“将不得不进行核武库的现代化”因为美国的导弹拦截系统“降低了核威慑的可靠性”,中国国防大
    学朱成虎少将在周三对北京的一个专家小组如是说。他向路透社的记者阐述了美国的拦截系统“侵蚀了
    战略稳定性”。他所指的即是美国计划之中的弹道导弹防御系统。此时该系统尚显稚嫩,但到2020年它
    将能防卫欧洲抵抗各种短、中程乃至洲际导弹的攻击。
    While the shield is intended to defend Europe against an attack from Iran, the 
    interceptors are both land- and ship-based — meaning the system can be packed up and 
    moved. If, say, North Korea starts tossing missiles around, the United States could send 
    ships to shoot them down. Those same ships, Chenghu’s thinking goes, could be used 
    against China.
    尽管防御系统预期被用来防卫欧洲,抵挡来自伊朗的攻击,拦截器却是陆海基通用。这意味着这套系统
    能被打包、移动。假如朝鲜开始抽风胡乱发射导弹,美国也能够派遣战舰将它们击落。而这些战舰——
    朱将军的思绪纷飞——也能用来对抗中国。
    China depends on missiles more than you might think. While China is modernizing its 
    military by boosting its defense budget, retrofitting a Russian aircraft carrier, and 
    building new submarines and destroyers, its security in the near term depends on its 
    massive stockpile of missiles. The U.S. believes China possesses 130 to 195 missiles 
    capable of being armed with nuclear warheads, according to Reuters. To fill gaps in its 
    conventional military, China has boosted its missile arsenal up to nearly 2,000 non-
    nuclear ballistic and cruise missiles. It could potentially lob around a thousand of them 
    as an initial strike weapon against Taiwan or U.S. bases in the Pacific.
    中国比你能想象的更依赖导弹武器。尽管中国正在通过增加国防预算、翻新俄制航母、建造新型潜艇和
    驱逐舰来进行国防现代化,在短期内其国家安全仍是仰仗于庞大的导弹储备。据路透社消息,美国相信
    中国拥有130至195枚可装载核弹头的导弹。为了弥补常规军力的不足,中国将武库中的弹道及巡航导弹
    储备扩充至约2000枚。其中的1000枚有可能被用作对台湾和太平洋美军基地发动进攻时的第一波攻击武
    器。
    But that over-reliance on missiles has left China with a glaring vulnerability. That’s 
    where the U.S. missile shield comes into play.
    然而,过分的信赖导弹武器给中国带来了一个显著的弱点。这也正是美国的导弹防御体系发挥作用的地
    方。
    Today, the main bulwark of the U.S missile shield is in the early stages of 
    implementation, in Eastern Europe and the Middle East. There’s a radar station in Turkey 
    and the destroyer U.S.S Monterrey — armed with SM-3 interceptors — in the Mediterranean. 
    NATO plans to put in ground-based missile interceptor sites in Romania in 2015, and press 
    ahead with more interceptors in Poland by 2018. More stressful from China’s perspective: 
    Alaska and California also both have SM-3 sites.
    如今,妨碍美国导弹防御体系初步展开的主要壁垒在于东欧和中东地区。在土耳其,部署有一座雷达
    站;在地中海,配备了标3拦截导弹的蒙特雷号驱逐舰在巡弋。北约计划2015年在罗马尼亚部署陆基导弹
    拦截站,到2018年将更多的拦截站推进至波兰。中国也面临更大的压力:阿拉斯加和加利福尼亚也部署
    有标3拦截站。
    And the Pentagon is getting better at downing ballistic missiles. There’s no guarantee 
    the untested system will work in combat. But in case there’s any doubt about the United 
    States’ role in the Pacific over the coming years, the U.S. Navy will emphasize “air-to-
    air, electronic attack, electronic warfare, anti-submarine, and our capabilities in anti-
    ship ballistic missile and anti-ship cruise missile defeat,” Adm. Jonathan Greenert told 
    reporters late last month.
    与此同时,五角大楼拦截弹道导弹的技术日趋成熟。但谁也不能保证一个未经测试的系统能在战斗中正
    常工作。为了避免在未来出现对美国在太平洋所起作用的质疑,海军会强化“空对空、电子攻击、电子
    战、反潜和对抗反舰弹道/巡航导弹的能力”,海军上将乔纳森•格林纳特在上月底告诉记者。
    That poses a serious risk to China. By investing so much in ballistic missiles, the United 
    States responds by upgrading its missile defense system. In response, China has to build 
    even more missiles, in the hope of getting past the system. And it’s not just building 
    more missiles, it’s building more capable ones, too, like the DF-21D, which is supposed 
    to be able to kill an aircraft carrier. That’s where the logic of over-relying on 
    missiles takes you.
    这对中国构成了严重风险。(中国)对弹道导弹投入巨大,美国却回应以导弹防御系统升级。反过来,
    中国又不得不造更多导弹,期望能突破防御体系。增加的不仅是导弹的数量,同时还有导弹的质量,例
    如东风-21D,被认为有猎杀航母的能力。这便是“导弹逻辑”的必由之路。
    But there’s an irony in here for the United States, too. Its new animating concept for 
    the Navy and the Air Force is to be able to stop any adversary from pushing ships, subs, 
    jets and bombers away from its shores or its skies. The number-one way most adversaries do 
    that: missiles. If China reads the revamped U.S. missile shield as a provocation that 
    requires a new wave of missile advancement, that’s going to make the Navy and Air Force’
    s job more complicated. (Complicated isn’t the same as impossible, though.) China may not 
    be the only nation locked into faulty defense logic.
    但这对美国来说也同样是一个讽刺。对于海空军,最有意义的策略是将敌人的战舰、潜艇、飞机拒于国
    门之外。头号对手的做法是:导弹。如果中国将升级过的导弹防御系统视为挑衅,并以新一轮的导弹革
    新作为回应,海军和空军的任务将变得更为复杂(虽然复杂,但并不是做不到)。中国,或许并不是唯
    一一个被困在错误的国防逻辑上的国家。
    
    

     

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